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AIMFTo investigate the effect of the improved PBL (SEC3 Mode, system clinical ophthalmology education-experiments-clinical practice-criticism-clinical work) in enhancing the clinical adaptability of ophthalmology clinical-degree postgraduates and residences.

METHODSFA total of 31 ophthalmology clinical-degree postgraduates and residences were included in this study. The students were randomly divided into 2 groups. Traditional educational strategy, learning basic knowledge and manipulation during ophthalmology clinical work, was used in Group I. Students in Group II has taken the improved PBL for 1 month and then participated the clinical work. The tutors in 2 groups were the same in whole range. Subjects were compared by questionnaire, ophthalmology knowledge and skills examination 3 months later.

RESULTSFThere was no statistical difference in the grasp of hospitalization diseases between 2 groups. However, the range and depth of basic knowledge and clinical skills were significantly higher in Group II than the former one.

CONCLUSIONFImproved PBL has more knowledge systematicness and acceptability than former PBL. And PBL strategy can promote continuous active, self-directed learning, and the clinical adaptability of ophthalmology clinical-degree postgraduates and residences.

KEYWORDSFproblem based learning(PBL); ophthalmology; medical education

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